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AHH 24-Hr. News

IMAGE NPS Seeks Comment on Parking/Camping Fee Increases
Sunday, 23 November 2014
The beach at Sandy Hook Unit in New Jersey.NPS PHOTO The comment period is open from November 19 to December 19! Please email us at Gateway_Fee_increase@nps.gov For more information, check out the Parking Fee FAQs page. Would Be First Fee... Read More...
Two Education Officials Join Brookdale Board
Saturday, 22 November 2014
LINCROFT, NJ – Dr. Henry Cram of Long Branch and Paul Crupi of Ocean were sworn in as the newest members of the Brookdale Community College board of trustees during the board’s Nov. 20 annual meeting in Lincroft. Cram, a former teacher, college... Read More...
Lots of Holiday Cheer at the Art Alliance
Saturday, 22 November 2014
100 Square Inches, Betsey Regan, And the Artisan Show & Sale RED BANK, NJ - Hate waiting for the show to end so you can get that art piece you love? As a gift for the holidays, the Art Alliance will let you buy a work in the gallery and... Read More...
Novelist Julia Alvarez to Speak at Brookdale
Saturday, 22 November 2014
LINCROFT, NJ – Community members of all ages are invited to an evening with award-winning novelist Julia Alvarez at Brookdale Community College’s Collins Arena on Tuesday, Nov. 25 from 7 to 9 p.m. The discussion will center on Alvarez’s... Read More...
IMAGE The Community YMCA Bayshore Family Success Center “Ties” Itself to New Community at Their Open House in Leonardo
Friday, 21 November 2014
Photo: The staff of the Bayshore Family Success Center with The Community YMCA President and CEO Rhonda Anderson, at the ribbon tying during their open house on November 20.  Pictured L-R are: Alicia Maresco, Megan Kelly, Rhonda Anderson,... Read More...

Columns

IMAGE Chronic Fatigue Syndrome Often Not Believed
by Daniel J. Vance
Saturday, 22 November 2014
Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS), also called Chronic Fatigue Immune Dysfunction Syndrome, had Carl Miller of Georgetown, Ohio, and his doctors,... Read More...
IMAGE Imparted Concepts
by George Hancock-Stefan
Friday, 21 November 2014
I heard on the news that a baseball player, Giancarlo Stanton, received the highest salary that has ever been paid ($325 million over 13... Read More...
IMAGE Review - Interstellar
by David Prown
Friday, 21 November 2014
I was definitely not jonesing to see "Interstellar" as I'm not really a big special effects guy however I've always liked space movies. My son saw it... Read More...
IMAGE Take It From Snoopy
by Anne Mikolay
Thursday, 20 November 2014
Recently, I cleaned out a trunk full of ancient artifacts from my high school days and came across a little book titled “Happiness is a warm... Read More...
IMAGE Happy Birthday to a Group Very Special to Atlantic Highlands
by Jack Archibald
Thursday, 20 November 2014
This column typically avoids mentioning birthdays, as each of us is special and our birthday is something to be celebrated.  But a recent... Read More...

Upcoming Events

Mon Nov 24 @11:00AM - 01:00PM
Diabetes Awareness Day
Wed Nov 26 @ 9:30AM - 10:00AM
Baby Story Time Ages 10 – 24 months
Wed Nov 26 @10:30AM - 10:50AM
Toddler Story Time Ages 2 & 3
Thu Nov 27 @ 9:00AM - 11:00AM
Middletown Mayor Open Office Hours
Thu Nov 27 @ 3:15PM - 03:45PM
School Age Programs Grades K and up

NEW JERSEY - As people consider their rebuilding options in the wake of Sandy, it’s not clear if government agencies are providing the most up-to-date scientific information to states and municipalities regarding the likelihood of future flooding.

In particular, new coastal flooding maps from the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), while a great improvement over previous versions, do not integrate future sea-level rise, which is accelerating due to climate change.

Future sea-level rise will be significant for New Jerseyans. Ken Miller and Robert Kopp at Rutgers University project that local sea levels will rise about 1.3 feet by 2050 and about 3.1 feet by 2100 from their present-day levels. These are best-estimate projections and actual sea-level rise may be higher or lower. Because buildings and infrastructure along the coast are intended to last for decades, this information is crucial for sound long-term planning.

Please see detailed background information about the new maps and rising seas below. We hope you can integrate it into stories about rebuilding so people are aware that future sea-level rise poses additional risks to the state that are not fully accounted for in the new maps.


New flood maps from FEMA

New Jersey Governor Chris Christie announced on January 24th that the state would adopt new rules for building standards. Buildings will need to be reconstructed based on elevation recommendations embedded in new FEMA flood risk maps.

Although the new maps are in draft form, they provide crucial information for reconstruction and development decisions in communities struck by Sandy. The maps that have been released are an updated version of ones that have been in use since 1985. The new maps use the best available historical data to estimate flood risks, which have increased and are likely to affect more regions further inland.

In particular, the new maps integrate current estimates of historical sea level rise along the coast. But they do not yet take projections of future sea-level rise into account.

Future sea-level rise: the missing ingredient

In the past, FEMA has only been able to examine historical trends to estimate flood risk. But coastlines are dynamic and climate change is accelerating. The federal Flood Insurance Reform Act of 2012 may provide an opportunity for FEMA to integrate future projections of sea-level rise into its maps, assuming the law is implemented as intended and Congress provides adequate funding to the agency.

But for now, it’s important for New Jerseyans to understand the full measure of flooding risks they face.

Overall, sea-level rise is accelerating as heat-trapping carbon dioxide emissions from burning fossil fuels and destroying tropical forests accumulate in the atmosphere. As the Earth warms, the ocean expands and land-based ice melts into the ocean. One recent review of tidal data in Environmental Research Letters, found that the global rate of sea-level rise has tripled from the early 20th century.

The East Coast, in particular, is and will continue to be a hot spot for sea level rise. While the exact climate drivers of this rapid rise are not entirely known, local warming, ice melt, and circulation changes within the North Atlantic region may all be playing a role. At the same time, the region is slowly subsiding. Recent rates of sea level rise in points north of Cape Hatteras, North Carolina were 3 to 4 times higher than the global average, according to a recent study in the journal Nature Climate Change. Another study in Geophysical Research Letters found similar accelerating rates of sea level rise around Chesapeake Bay.

Are New Jersey communities using the best science?

When the governor’s office announced the new rules, they said the state was, “Using the best available science and data [to] give families, businesses, and communities the best assessment of their risk - allowing them to better mitigate damage from future flood events, avoid higher flood insurance costs, and begin the rebuilding process immediately.”

Unfortunately, amid all the other contentious issues rebuilding will bring up, there’s an important piece of science that is currently missing from the process.

It’s worth noting that New Jersey state law -- the Flood Hazard Area Control Act of 2007 -- mandates that buildings be elevated an extra foot above FEMA standards.

However, this safety buffer was not designed to account for sea-level rise. Additionally, rising seas have a magnifying effect on storm surges, which result from high winds pushing ocean water inland. And the effect of sea level rise on a specific area depends on the shape of the local coastline and ocean floor. In the future, FEMA’s sophisticated computer models could account for these projected changes.


More resources

Kenneth Miller is a professor in the Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences at Rutgers University. His faculty page includes links to his research and a slideshow presentation that captures how Sandy affected the Jersey Shore and projections and impacts of future sea-level rise on the region.

Robin Leichenko is a professor in the Department of Geography at Rutgers. She studies social and economic vulnerability to flooding and sea-level rise. Townships and municipalities vary greatly in how vulnerable they are to flooding and to events to like Sandy.

Lisa Auremuller is the Watershed / Outreach Coordinator at the Jacques Cousteau Coastal Education Center at Rutgers. She is working with other researchers on a project that will help local planners anticipate risks from sea-level rise.

Rachel Cleetus, is an economist who specializes in climate change at the Union of Concerned Scientists (UCS). She has a blog post that explains how FEMA maps are used to inform rebuilding decisions and insurance rates and the role climate change could play in FEMA’s risk assessments. Generally, she writes, coastal communities can try to accommodate rising seas, retreat from them or adopt protective measures. But the riskiest path, she points out, is doing nothing. To make sound choices, communities need to be able to rely on the best available science, including projections of sea-level rise.

Celia Wexler, a member of UCS’s Center for Science and Democracy also has a blog post that covers the good, the bad and the ugly of integrating sea-level rise into state planning. Last year, she writes, the North Carolina legislature voted to bar state agencies from using accurate sea-level rise projections for coastal planning until 2016. In Virginia, the state legislature dropped references to climate change in favor of other terms after some lawmakers objected to recognizing climate science findings. By contrast, a regional Florida county compact and New York City are using peer-reviewed scientific assessments to inform planning decisions.